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Vintage Jewelry Designers

  • Maison Schiaparelli spring 2020 jewelry

    The Jewels of Maison Schiaparelli: Yesterday & Today

    As a long-time fan of Schiaparelli jewelry, I was delighted to see photos of the Maison’s haute couture show for spring 2020. And as one who first chooses the jewelry to wear when putting together an outfit, I was smitten when I read about artistic director Daniel Roseberry’s approach to his latest collection. In last month’s New York Times Style Magazine interview, he said:  “This season I found myself designing entire looks around a piece of jewelry, and it’s become a whole language of the collection”.

    Inspiration from the Past

    Roseberry’s muse was the avant-garde couturier Elsa Schiaparelli, who founded the Fashion House in her own apartment in 1927, before establishing a salon and atelier on rue de la Paix the following year.

    The brass earring with a digitally-printed enamel eyeball, shown in the photo above, was inspired by this brooch designed for her by Surrealist artist Jean Cocteau in 1937.

    This eye motif appears in several other Roseberry designs: rhinestone chandelier earrings, brass buttons, brass earrings with pearl and rhinestone accents, the clasp on a bag, and eye-glass frames. You can see a video of the models walking the runway with these jewels and the fashions they adorn on the Maison Schiaparelli website.

    Costume Jewelry for Haute Couture

    Roseberry’s jewelry continues Schiaparelli’s preference for costume pieces instead of fine jewels. She and her arch-rival Coco Chanel shared the belief that accessories were an integral part of their collections. Both promoted the acceptance of costume jewelry by their clientele. Their influence reached across the Atlantic and helped fuel the growth of that industry in the U.S.

    The artistic director’s adoption of “Schiap’s” jewelry philosophy seems to have evolved, based on his comments to Alice Cavanagh in the following interview:

    ‘“At first, I didn’t understand what the value of costume jewelry was, because these women can obviously afford the real thing,” Roseberry admitted in the atelier, referring to the House’s haute couture clientele.

    “I also didn’t like the idea of making costume jewelry that looked like it wanted to be real,” he added, delicately holding up a pair of one-of-a-kind, shoulder-skimming chandelier earrings crafted from an assortment of trinkets, including another Schiaparelli totem, the brass padlock.

    “But then I realized it could be a way to advance the message of the collection: we’re treating these accessories in surrealist, show-worthy ways.”’

    Maison Schiaparelli & Surrealism

    Roseberry’s reference to Surrealism relates to the avant-garde artistic movement’s profound influence on Elsa Schiaparelli, who viewed fashion design as an art. Her silhouettes, materials, vivid colors and embellishments were innovative, unexpected, and attention-getting. Clientele included the Duchess of Windsor, Marlene Dietrich and Joan Crawford.

    According to fashion historian Caroline Evans, “Her work was galvanized by the themes of masquerade, artifice, and play – themes that related closely to the changing status of women in the interwar years, as well as to the avant-garde discourse of the surrealist artists and their circles, some of whom she worked with in the 1930s”.

    1935 hair combs by Elsa SchiaparelliIn addition to Cocteau, Schiaparelli collaborated with Meret Oppenheim, Salvadore Dalí and Alberto Giacometti, among others, on jewelry and couture design. Much of her work from this period is museum-worthy, which is why the early pieces are not available (or affordable) to the general public.

    Fortunately, we can see examples in various museums around the world. This 1935 pair of tortoiseshell hair combs with gilt-metal ‘antlers’ is among the Schiaparelli designs currently on display at the Victoria and Albert in London.

    Later Years

    World War II brought an end to much of the work of Parisian Fashion Houses. Schiaparelli’s avant-garde style was incompatible with the New Look introduced by Christian Dior in 1947. In 1949, she opened a New York-based company – Schiaparelli Jewels – and licensed her name for the mass production of costume jewelry and accessories in the U.S. The French designs were executed by D. Lisner & Co. in New York (the authorized importer and distributor of her jewelry since 1938) as well as by several jewelry makers in Philadelphia.

    Citrine, pearl & antiqued-gold brooch & ear clipsThough in-line with feminine 1950s tastes, the jewelry in this decade is still innovative. Distinctive glass stones (lava rocks and dentelle faceting, for example), unusual color combinations, and bold designs characterize these jewels.

    Here is one example that is as stylish today as it was then. This brooch and ear clips set features a large citrine-glass stone surrounded by tiny pearls, in an elaborate, antiqued, gold-plated setting. The faceting of each citrine – known as dentelle – forms an eight-pointed star.

    Schiaparelli closed her Maison in 1954 and sold her perfume and accessory business in 1973.

    Relaunch of a Legend

    In 2006, Diego Della Valle acquired the archives and rights to the brand. He had to wait until 2012 for 21 place Vendôme, the home of the Maison since 1935, to became available. Marco Zanini, the first creative director, was succeeded by Bertrand Guyon.

    Daniel Roseberry became Artistic Director in April 2019. In a press statement announcing his appointment, he connected his own artistic vision with the House’s founder: “One of her greatest legacies may be her commitment to fantasy, her understanding that we need fantasy in complicated times. I want to offer my own answers to these questions, and offer a fantasy – a dream – that feels relevant, and necessary, for today”. Clearly, Maison Schiaparelli will go forward with the same vision as its founder, who undoubtedly would consider him a kindred spirit.

    For More Schiaparelli Jewels from Yesterday

    Visit the TruFaux Jewels boutique.

  • Verdura brooch worn by Joan Fontaine in 'Suspicion'

    Jewelry in the Movies: Verdura Brooch

    As far back as I can remember, I’ve always loved black-and-white films from the 1930s-1950s. More recently, though, I’ve realized that their one drawback is that we can’t usually see the splendour of the jewelry often worn by female characters. Here’s a case in point: In the photo above from…

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  • Bauhaus inspired architecture

    1930s Bauhaus Inspired Jewelry: A Celebration

    I cannot let this year end without telling you about the centenary of an important influence on one style of 1930s jewelry – the Bauhaus, a school of design founded in 1919 in Germany. You may be familiar with the modernist buildings and decorative arts that flowed from its philosophy…

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  • Unique wedding jewelry by Hattie Carnegie

    Happily Ever After: Unique Wedding Jewelry by Hattie Carnegie

    If you were walking along East 49th Street in New York City in the 1950s, at number 42 you might have seen this diamanté-studded gold-tone mesh necklace with dangling pearls and crystal beads (shown above) in the window. That address was home to Hattie Carnegie Inc., a well-known fashion house…

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  • Vintage Pearls for Modern Brides

    Pearls have been called the gem of queens and the queen of gems. For centuries, they have been associated with love, marriage, seductiveness and femininity. Not surprisingly, pearls have been a popular choice for wedding jewelry for generations. High-quality imitations have been fashionable since Coco Chanel started wearing them herself…

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  • Hobe brooches add romance to an outfit

    Find Romance with Hobé Brooches

    With Valentine’s Day less than a week away, romance is in the air. Everyone is thinking about roses and the color red. But I’ve decided to offer a different take on romance, with Hobé brooches. Pieces from the late 1930s through the 1940s by the incredible jewelry designer William Hobé…

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  • Paul Flato jewelry

    Paul Flato Jewelry in ‘Holiday’

    Before I even knew his name, I was a fan of Paul Flato jewelry. I was introduced to his talent when I first saw Holiday, a 1938 film starring Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant. During that viewing many years ago, I remember wondering if the fabulous three-strand diamond necklace Hepburn…

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  • Flexible choker worn by Ann Sheridan in The Unfaithful

    Jewelry in the Movies: A 1940s Flexible Choker

    Movies produced in the 1930s-1940s rarely credited jewelry. In fact, in many cases, the names of the costume designers weren’t even disclosed on-screen. For this reason, I always look closely at what the female characters are wearing in these films, hoping to recognize a jewel. Last night while watching The…

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  • Movie jewelry by Harry Winston and worn by Ingrid Bergman in Notorious

    Jewelry in the Movies: Harry Winston, ‘Notorious’

    As we eagerly anticipate this year’s Academy Awards ceremony on February 26, many of us are as interested in what the stars will be wearing as who will win. And the dazzling jewels worn on the red carpet will get as much press as the gowns they adorn. So with…

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  • Who Made Those Art Deco Bracelets?

    Have you ever wondered about the maker of a favorite piece of vintage costume jewelry? Many collectors who favor the Art Deco style (as I do) are undoubtedly familiar with the trademark Diamonbar, which appears on sterling silver and imitation gemstone bracelets produced in a wide range of styles in…

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